Physiological Human Skeleton Model Phil specializes in realistic movement, with flexible joints throughout most of his body. Whereas our top-rated model Sam offers flexibility in all the same joints as Phil, Sam got higher ratings because he includes detailed markings indicating elements of the muscular and nervous systems. Phil is also similar to Flexible Fred, but again Fred was rated more highly for including more details and because Fred offers the additional benefit of holding his flexed spinal poses.
Even though this model lacks many of the advanced features of our higher-rated models, Phil’s many flexible parts have earned him a spot on our list of the best human skeleton models.
Phil is the tallest model in our lineup, standing about 73” (186 cm) tall. Like most models on our list, Phil comes with a rolling stand and a dust cover. As the focus of this model is on demonstrating movement, it lacks other details such as muscle/nerve markings or a herniated/prolapsed disk. Phil’s teeth are individually inserted (rather than being molded with the jaw in a single piece) but are not removable.
This model’s most distinguishing feature is its capacity for realistic movement. Most of the joints in the model are flexible in multiple directions, including the pelvis and coccyx (iliosacral and sacrococcygeal joints). In addition to bending, the arms and legs of this model can be rotated to mimic the true range of motion in human joints. The spine offers a wide range of flexible motions including lateral inclination, extension and rotation. While the spinal movement is very similar to that of Flexible Fred, Fred’s spine holds its bent position while Phil’s does not. Even though this model offers several flexible parts not seen in other models, it does not have the standard flexible mandible to allow for opening and closing of the mouth.
Phil’s legs are easily removable, compared to most models which additionally have removable arms. As is standard for any skeleton model, the calvarium (skull cap) is connected with hooks and can be removed for a closer examination of the interior skull structures. Because this model does not have a flexible mandible, it does not offer the same level of detail in the interior of the mouth as some other models.
Phil does not come with any educational materials other than instructions for final assembly. Phil is easier to assemble than some of the more complex flexible models like Ligament Leo because the flexible parts are built into the spaces between the imitation bones, rather than being achieved with elastic or rubber parts.
Physiological Phil offers a unique style of flexibility in many of its joints, including pelvic movement not seen in other models. While this skeleton lacks the details of many of our higher-rated models, its extensive and realistic capacity for flexion makes it one of the best options for focusing on the movement of the skeletal system.
Most of the joints in this model are designed to allow for realistic movement in several directions.
Phil has very few removable parts, and no components of non-skeletal body systems.
Physiological Human Skeleton Model Phil serves well as a demonstration of the skeleton’s movement but does not offer the comprehensiveness of higher-rated models.